Eternal love began when Shah Jahan was 15 and Mumtaz was 14
shahjahan born on 5th january 1592 ruled the mughal empire from 1628 to 1658.
this period was considered as the golden age of the mughal era.
the love blossomed in 1607
culminated to marriage after 5 years in 1612 with the consent of the court astroleger and the royal family.
when shahjahan was 20 year old he brought mumtaz to his life on an ominus day
shahjahan became the mughal emperor in 1628
he continued in his position upto 1658
the mughal empire was in highest peak when shahjahan continued as the emperor
he is remembered for the great constructions made during his tenure.
it was the golden period of mughal architect .
we can see not only in india but also in pakistan the great constructions made during the period of the great emperor, shahjahan
it was in 1631 that mumtaz breathed last
mumtaz accompanied shahjahan in all his jouneys ,
descisons and even in wars.
in truth mumtaz assisted shahjahan in all decision making and in overall management of his life
shahjahn loved to spend his time with mumtaz whenever possible.
in additition to mumtaz shahjahan had married two other women,
but these marriages were on account of political reasons.
these matters have been recorded well in the documents of his courts.
the official chronicle of shahjahans court ‘khaswini’ has a record about the love of shahjahan with mumtaz as follows
“the two other wives of shahjahan are not noteworthy other than they are just wives and they do not require any special mention.
but his familiarity with mumtaz and the deep love for her is beyond description in words.
whatever he does for her is done with maximum care and it is done with a thousand times important than any other things.
of the 16 children of shahjahan 14 were born to mumtaz
after their marriage shahjahan and mumtaz lived separate only on very rare occasions.
in 1631 when shahjahan reached burhapur in madhyapradesh for a military action
he was accompanied by his pregnant mumtaz.
it was at burhapur that the death of shahjahans precious wife occured
,in truth mumtaz was actualy cremated at burhapur .
since the death of his beloved wife shahjahan led an isolated life for over an year
there was no remedy for the loss of his love.
it was recorded in the court chronicles
: ” when the emperor reappeared after his isolated life his hair had become white ,he was stooping and his face was pale.”
it was his dearmost daughter jahnara beegum who helped the emperor to revive from his fall into the ocean of grief.
in 1632 shahjahan ordered for the consturction of tajmahal .
he wanted to make it the most beautiful building in the world as a sign of his strong love for his deceased wife, mumtaz
you might have heard another story that shahjahan had cut the hands of the architect ‘ustad ahmed lahori’ after the completion of tajmahal.
but there is no evidence for this stroy..
therefore stories connected with tajmahal have no end.
famous english poet sir edwin arnold wrote about tajmahal,
“Not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passions of an emperor’s love wrought in living stones.”
just as white marbles, symmetry was the speciality in the mughal constructions in those days.
shahjahan had given special attention to bring about symmetry.
the structure of tajmahal appears to be the same,
when we look at it from any side is one of the most important specialities of tajmahal.
the sculpturing inside the tajmahal,
in the doms of the tajmahal, in the entrance of the tajmahal,
and even in the construction of the garden we can see the symmetry.
the optical illusion experienced by the visitors of tajmahal is a result of the symmetry.
moreover look at the construction of the tall doms in the corners of the tajmahal.
they have been constructed that in a way giving a slight exterior bent so that it might never fall on the tomb of mumtaz ever it fell down.
shahjahan had so much consideration for his heartfelt lover mumtaz.
shahjahan constructed a very good garden called mehtabbag very near to the tomb of mumtaz.
mehtab bag means the garden of moon.
no one was allowed to enter the garden
shahjahan reached the garden alone and spent his nights at the side of his beloved wife’s tomb
thus in 1658 shahjahan fell ill and his son ,aurangazeb took over the power.
shahjahan spent his later life in the agra fort looking at tajmahal. he was in house arrest there,
meanwhile the beautiful mehtabbag was flooded many times and it was destroyed.
during shahjahans tenure in mughal empire the gdp that we refer today was the highest in the world.
in the year 1666 shahjahan breathed his last
and aurangazeb cremated his body very near to the tomb of mumtaz in tajmahal.
when the tajmahal complex as a whole stood as the best example of symmetry
shahjahans body was cremated in the centre of tajmahal asymmetrically.
thus shahjahans tomb which was not constructed by shahjahan
became the only thing which wronged the symmetrical measurement of tajmahal
inside the tajmahal we see only the model tombs of mumtaz and shahjahan.
actually they were cremated in an underground cellar to which noone has entry.
perhaps shahjahan himself might have wanted to make an underground cellar
inorder to gift an uninterupted sleep to his beloved wife.❤❤❤